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The Daily Colonist, November 1–11, 1915

#dailycolonist1915 #WWI - The news out of Victoria, British Columbia, 100 years ago.

I am, at last, caught up to exactly 100 years ago. The beginning of November 1915 has the British using gas for the first time, fighting in Bulgaria, King George V recovering from an accident at the front, the defeat of women's suffrage in the United States, new innovations in aerial warfare, and a new Japanese emperor, among other news.

  • Monday, November 1, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, November 2, 1915
    • A report dated October 15 from British Field Marshal Sir John French to War Secretary Lord Kitchener notes the first use of gas by the British against the Germans, "Although the enemy was known to have prepared for such reprisals, our gas attack met with marked success..."
    • With Bulgaria having declared was against Serbia and siding with Austria-Hungary and Germany last month, Russian troops attack the important port of Varna.
  • Wednesday, November 3, 1915
    • King George V, injured at the front last week when he was thrown from his horse and the horse subsequently fell on him, awards a Victoria Cross to a solder while the king is still bedridden in hospital.
    • Map of fighting along the Serbian-Bulgarian boundary
    • Voters [all male, of course] in New York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts vote against women's suffrage.
  • Thursday, November 4, 1915
    • The Canadian Northern Railway Company puts in an order for two large ferries for carrying rail cars to operate between Victoria and Vancouver, "enabling travellers bound from any Eastern point to Victoria to make the unbroken trip through".
  • Friday, November 5, 1915
    • Germans experiment with attacking ships with aeroplanes.
    • A small article notes that women are serving in combat roles in the Serbia army along side men.
  • Saturday, November 6, 1915
    • The northern lights are visible in Victoria twice overnight. The relationship between sunspot activity, magnetic storms and the northern lights is noted.
  • Sunday, November 7, 1915
    • Rumours of Lord Kitchener's resignation as War Secretary due him not attending a meeting of the War Council on November 2 are put to rest with an official statement that he is on tour in the Eastern Theatre, possibly visiting Egypt and Gallipoli. The Globe newspaper in London is raided by police and shut down for reporting that Lord Kitchener had resigned.
    • Another article on the seizure of The Globe by police.
    • The United States navy successfully tests a device for launching aeroplanes from the deck of a moving ship.
  • Monday, November 8, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, November 9, 1915
    • A large picture on the front page with no accompanying article of Edith Cavell, "Was Martyred in Britain's Cause". There have been, however, several articles about Edith Cavell, a British nurse working in Belgium, in the past three weeks as she was shot by the Germans for "treason" on October 12 for helping allied soldiers escape German occupied Belgium. [More on Edith Cavell from Wikipedia]
    • An interesting article on the history of Cyprus, currently held by the British Empire since 1878 and being offered to Greece if the country will enter the war on the side of Serbia. [Cyprus was leased to Britian by the Ottoman Empire from 1878 until being claimed outright by Britain when the Ottoman Emprie entered the war. Cyprus will remain part of the British Empire until independence in 1960. However, to this day Britiain still has sovereignty over some large chunks of the island and the politics of the island since 1960 are strange to say the least and difficult to explain in brief.]
  • Wednesday, November 10, 1915
    • A new emperor is crowned in Japan, with the coronation being the first in Japanese history open to Japanese commoners and foreign representatives. The article describes the coronation in detail.
  • Thursday, November 11, 1915
    • The editorial page summary of the 468th day of the war.

[ source: http://www.britishcolonist.ca/dateList.php?year=1915 ]

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Source: http://www.mbarrick.com/blog/151111/daily-colonist-november-1-11-1915

The Daily Colonist, October 1–31, 1915

#dailycolonist1915 #WWI - The news out of Victoria, British Columbia, 100 years ago:

Drug runners, whalers, pirates, propaganda, protests, Zeppelin attacks, giant telescopes, darkest Africa, Hallowe'en haunted houses, murder and atrocities are just a few of the things I've picked out from October 1915.

  • Friday, October 1, 1915
    • October starts out with Canadian troops waiting for everyone else to catch up.
  • Saturday, October 2, 1915
    • Two different interceptions of smuggled opium. One in Seattle of a shipment that came through Vancouver, and the other in Victoria on ship out of Glasgow via Kingston, Jamaica. It's also noted for no good reason that the Glasgow ship make it to Victoria in record time: only 36 days.
  • Sunday, October 3, 1915
    • The Prince of Wales [future King Edward VIII] is narrowly missed by an exploding artillery shell. "Reproached with having run into danger, which the heir to the throne must avoid, the Prince replied: 'Well, I have plenty of brothers.'" [and he will, in fact, abdicate and give the crown to his younger brother who will be King George V.]
  • Monday, October 4, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, October 5, 1915
    • The Victoria Whaling Company officially reports, as expected, a profitable first season despite a late start.
  • Wednesday, October 6, 1915
    • A deal is made between the Russian central bank and the Bank of England to shore up the Rouble, which has lost half its value since the beginning of the war [I picked this out because it is minor news in 1915, but this inflation is one of the underlying causes of the discontent that sparks the Russian Revolution.]
  • Thursday, October 7, 1915
    • The complicated situation in the Balkans is coming to a head with the Greek king basically firing his prime minister. Greece has a treaty obligation to support Servia [Serbia] but is friendly with Germany. Romania has previously declared neutrality but it's not clear if that is sincere, and the royal family has ties to Germany. Bulgaria has treaty obligations to Russia and Germany. And, of course this is all happening in the space between Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, which has implications for over-land support to keep the Anglo-French forces from taking Constantinople [Istanbul].
  • Friday, October 8, 1915
    • [In the build-up to World War II, and an unfortunately difficult to read bad scan] Japan demands jurisdiction on the Korean peninsula and in Manchuria.
  • Saturday, October 9, 1915
    • The efforts of the American ambassador to the Ottoman Empire to help Armenians are useless.
  • Sunday, October 10, 1915
    • One the good-news front, work on the Dominion Government Observatory outside of Victoria is going well [It's being referred to as "one of" the world's largest telescopes now. When work started the mirror was the world's largest.] The road to the observatory site is also turning out to be a popular motor trip for the sake of the view for Little Saanich Mountain.
  • Monday, October 11, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, October 12, 1915
    • The Panama Canal remains closed due to landslides caused by winter rains. General Goethals, Governor of the canal zone is not sure how long it will take to clear the canal.
  • Wednesday, October 13, 1915
    • Armed yachts out of the United States, manned by Germans suspected to be officers from seized German ships, are attacking British oil-carrying ships on the way from Mexico to Britain.
  • Thursday, October 14, 1915
    • The Hudson's Bay Company fort, Fort Edmonton, is going to be disassembled and moved to a new site and adapted to serve as a museum.
  • Friday, October 15, 1915
    • The United States Postmaster General bans sending postcards and envelopes bearing "unneutral" messages, both anti-German and anti-British.
  • Saturday, October 16, 1915
    • Cause of death from "a Zeppelin bomb" on the latest casualty list reveals that Zeppelins successfully dropped bombs on the training ground in Otterpool, Kent.
  • Sunday, October 17, 1915
    • A very descriptive, almost florid, article of a battle in Northern France, including a mult-coloured gas attack.
  • Monday, October 18, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, October 19, 1915
    • The first transcontinental train of the new Canadian National Railway line arrives in Vancouver with a large party of dignitaries .
  • Wednesday, October 20, 1915
    • Canadian flying ace "Red" Mulcok of Winnipeg destroys Zeppelin sheds, with airships inside, behind German lines near Ypres.
  • Thursday, October 21, 1915
    • The 110th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar affords the opportunity for a large front-page call-to-arms.
  • Friday, October 22, 1915
    • The British Home Secretary makes the argument against issuing warnings in London every time Zeppelins are spotted approaching the City.
  • Saturday, October 23, 1915
    • A ¼-page sized image of the king on the font page with an appeal from the king for more men.
  • Sunday, October 24, 1915
    • 40,000 women (and 5,000 men) march along Fifth Avenue in New York City for Women's Suffrage.
  • Monday, October 25, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, October 26, 1915
    • An account of Germans murdering two wounded Canadian prisoners.
  • Wednesday, October 27, 1915
    • The Y.M.C.A. in Victoria announces Hallowe'en open-house including a Classically-themed performance, haunted house and fortune-telling. "All soldiers and sailors are cordially invited to attend."
  • Thursday, October 28, 1915
    • [Remember that, in the Euro-centric eye, central Africa in 1915 is still largely unexplored and that, for example, the Tarzan stories are appearing in science-fiction pulps and "deepest darkest Africa" is just as mysterious as outer space.] A very exotic story of Belgian troops fighting Germans near the boundary of the Belgian Congo [that the article refers to it as "the Congo Free State" is actually a mistake, since that changed in 1908--now it is the Democratic Republic of the Congo] and German East Africa [now Tanzania.]
  • Friday, October 29, 1915
    • A German astrocties' museum is opened in Petrograd [St. Petersburg.]
  • Saturday, October 30, 1915
    • Canada officially announces plans to recruit another 100,000 men, bringing the total strength of the Canadian army to 250,000 men.
  • Sunday, October 31, 1915
    • One of the Fathers of Confederation, Sir Charles Tupper, has died. Tupper was Premier of Nova Scotia during Confederation and the 6th Prime Minister of Canada [and still holds the record for the shortest run as Prime Minister at 69 days.]

[ source: http://www.britishcolonist.ca/dateList.php?year=1915 ]

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Source: http://www.mbarrick.com/blog/151107/daily-colonist-october-1-31-1915

#dailycolonist1915 #WWI - The news our of Victoria, British Columbia, 100 years ago:

In this update: Zeppelins, conspiracy theory (1915 style), propaganda, genocide, fall fashions, exploration and discovery in the far north, a major allied offensive on the western front and more.

  • Tuesday, September 14, 1915
    • More Zeppelin raids on the east coast of England over the weekend. The London Globe newspaper calls for 12-fold retaliation and financial remuneration.
    • A German-American association meets in Philidephia and accuses the British Empire of carrying out a conspiracy to undermin American commerce and control world trade.
  • Wednesday, September 15, 1915
    • The American ambassator to the Ottoman Empire call on the United States to take Armenian refugees. The article goes on to say that the Ottoman Empire is committed to annihilating all non-Muslims and insinuates that Ottoman attacks on Christians is the fault of Germany.
    • An ad for new fall hats in the latest styles of New York and Paris.
  • Thursday, September 16, 1915
    • The Governor General, H.R.H. The Duke of Connaught visits British Columbia to do troop inspections, starting in Vernon.
  • Friday, September 17, 1915
    • The editorial page summary for the 413th day of the war.
  • Saturday, September 18, 1915
    • A large front page picture from the Victoria leg of the Governor General's inspection tour.
    • A map showing the current state of the Gallipoli offensive.
  • Sunday, September 19, 1915
    • Canadian explorer Vilhjalmar Stefansson discovers new land in the far north [either what are now named Brock Island or MacKenzie King Island.] It's not known if the new land is an island or the souther fringe of an Arctic continent [which is a reminder that in 1915 there were still blank spaces on the map.]
  • Monday, September 20, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, September 21, 1915
    • An article describing the fighing in Gallipoli, "the dead lay so thick that a temporary armistice became imperative."
  • Wednesday, September 22, 1915
    • An ad for a "Scientific and Practical Demonsration" of corsets.
  • Thursday, September 23, 1915
    • A bizarrely drawn ad for Bovril.
  • Friday, September 24, 1915
    • Speculation over which side Bulgaria will take in the war, including the difficult position of the Czar of Bulgaria and his familial relationship to the royal families on both sides of the war.
  • Saturday, September 25, 1915
    • A really weird ad for Kellog's Corn Flakes suggesting filling a cantelope with dry Corn Flakes for breakfast.
  • Sunday, September 26, 1915
    • Allied troops start a massive offensive along a long stretch of the western front. The front page features a large photo of the commanders of the French and British armies.
  • Monday, September 27, 1915
    • A special extra addition with the huge headline "ALLIES TAKE 20,000 GERMAN PRISONERS" and several articles on the fighting over the weekend.
  • Tuesday, September 28, 1915
    • More details on the fighting over the weekend.
  • Wednesday, September 29, 1915
    • A Glasgow bagpipe manufacturer credits the war with a huge surge in the popularity of the instrument.
  • Thursday, September 30, 1915
    • New Orleans is hit with the worst hurricane in its history. Broken levees and storm surge have flooded many suburbs, there is no train service because of washed-out tracks, electricity is out to the entire city, and telephone and telegraph communications with the city have been completely lost [rememebr all this is 90 years before Katrina, lessons learned: apparently none.]

[ source: http://www.britishcolonist.ca/dateList.php?year=1915 ]

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Source: http://www.mbarrick.com/blog/151101/daily-colonist-september-14-30-1915


Got my vote on this morning, and have this song stuck in my head for some reason ;-)


Source: http://www.mbarrick.com/blog/151019/vote

#dailycolonist1915 #WWI - The news out of Victoria, British Columbia, 100 years ago:

[In an effort to catch up to being exactly one hundred years ago, this update covers just over a month. There is a lot in this update even though I restricted myself to just one article per day.]

  • Thursday, August 12, 1915
    • [We'll start with something you never see anymore:] An ad for a weight-gain treatment called "Sargol"
  • Friday, August 13, 1915
    • Marine Drive in West Van is paved for four miles and officially opened by Premier McBride with civic officials from the municipalities of West Vancouver, North Vancouver, South Vancouver and Point Grey in attendance.
  • Saturday, August 14, 1915
    • A Zeppelin raid of eastern England, the second this week, kills 6, injures 23.
  • Sunday, August 15, 1915
    • A fantastic illustration of a British aeroplane fighting a German double-hulled biplane.
  • Monday, August 16, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, August 17, 1915
    • Vancouver businessmen meet to oppose prohibition legislation being passed without first having a provinvial public plebicite.
  • Wednesday, August 18, 1915
    • A British troop ship is sunk my a German submarine in the Aegean Sea, over 1,000 men are killed.
  • Thursday, August 19, 1915
    • "[All] Quiet on the Western Front"
  • Friday, August 20, 1915
    • German submarines sink another passenger liner, the White Star Line's SS Arabic.
  • Saturday, August 21, 1915
    • Switzerland vows to remain neutral amid rumours of it siding with Germany and Austria.
  • Sunday, August 22, 1915
    • Italy [at this point only officially at war with Austria-Hungary] declares war with the Ottoman Empire.
  • Monday, August 23, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, August 24, 1915
    • The provincial government [presumably under pressure from businessmen as noted in the article from the 17th] announces that it will not enact alcohol prohibition without a public referendum.
  • Wednesday, August 25, 1915
    • Four months into the Gallipoli campaign, there is optimism that Allied troops will soon have control of Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, opening a much-needed supply line to Russia. Meanwhile Russian troops are falling back on the Eastern Front.
  • Thursday, August 26, 1915
    • Following the Italian declaration of war against them, the Ottoman Empire threatens to make peace with the Allies unless Germany officially declares war with Italy [underlining the complexity of the diplomacy of the time.]
  • Friday, August 27, 1915
    • The Ottoman Empire continues the systematic genocide of Armenian Christians, nearly 14,000 are killed in mass executions in Trebizond.
  • Saturday, August 28, 1915
    • A front-page feature on the fighting in Gallipoli. Irish, Australian and New Zealand troops in heavy fighting against the Turks. "The dead lie thick everywhere, and the stench is appalling."
  • Sunday, August 29, 1915
    • Canada is expected to be called upon to send another 50,000 men overseas.
  • Monday, August 30, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, August 31, 1915
    • The Attorney-General of British Columbia orders that Doukhbors near Grand Forks must send their children to the provincial school and adhere to other laws or face prosecution, stating, "it is intolerable that any number of people should be permitted to band themselves together, and just because they choose to say they are living under rules and regulations of their own devising, set the laws of the country at defiance."
  • Wednesday, September 1, 1915
    • The first class of the University of British Columbia meets. #UBC100 #UBC
  • Thursday, September 2, 1915
    • Germany acknowledges American demands and vows that they will no longer sink passenger liners without warning, stipulating that once warning is given, the ship may not resist or try to escape. This concession is considered a diplomatic victory for the United States, but it may not be sufficient.
  • Friday, September 3, 1915
    • The Armenian Genocide continues. Ottoman Turks wipe out town of Ismid, population 25,000.
  • Saturday, September 4, 1915
    • Victoria continues to struggle with regulating jitneys [what we would now call "ride-sharing".] Insurance, over-crowed vehicles, passenger safety and driver safety are all at issue [all the same things, that despite being resolved 100 years ago are all problems again thanks to Silicon Valley assholes. #UBER ]
  • Sunday, September 5, 1915
    • With winter approaching, Russian troops are doing what Russian troops do in the winter: retreating a burning everything as they go, leaving the enemy to fight starvation and cold.
  • Monday, September 6, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]
  • Tuesday, September 7, 1915
    • Despite the dipmatic assurances of last Thursday, Germans torpedo an American passenger liner without warning.
  • Wednesday, September 8, 1915
    • Czar Nicholas II takes direct command of Imperial Russian forces.
  • Thursday, September 9, 1915
    • Two men are arrested in Toronto for openly toasting to the Kaiser in several bars over the course of a week. They are being held a vagrants until they can be turned over to the registrar of enemy aliens.
  • Friday, September 10, 1915
    • A Zepplin attack reaches London, 20 killed, 73 injured. Total casualties from Zepplin attacks now at 122 dead, 349 injured.
    • Another article on the same Zeppelin attack, "...the spectacle of a Zeppelin high up in the heavens with lights flashing upon it and shells bursting all round was regarded, even enjoyed, as a unique and thrilling sight."
  • Saturday, September 11, 1915
    • An article on the Czar taking control of the Imperal Russian armed forces notes "New Russia Will Result from Policy" [without an incling of exactly how much change is coming to Russia in the near future.]
  • Sunday, September 12, 1915
    • News that a new statue commemorating Queen Victoria that will be placed in front the the Parliament Buildings in Victoria is now ready for delivery.
  • Monday, September 13, 1915
    • [no paper on Mondays]

[source: http://www.britishcolonist.ca/dateList.php?year=1915 ]

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Source: http://www.mbarrick.com/blog/151014/daily-colonist-august-12-september-13-1915


Michael / Atratus

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